By now we know that Africa is the land of many resources yet, most of the people inhabiting the continent reap little benefit from the vast money-making materials.

Billions of dollars in aid are distributed to various African countries, much to the detriment of the citizens. The money often comes with strings attached – exploitive policies that further disenfranchise Africans, corruption and a power dynamic that benefits the debtor.

The following 10 African countries owe the colonizers the most money.

The Gambia

The west African nation relies heavily on groundnut production and export, farming and tourism to fuel its economy. However, 48. 6% of the population lives in poverty.

The IMF pegs the Gambia as having $1.21 billion dollars of debt.

Cabo Verde

The island country contains clusters of volcanic islands along the central Atlantic Ocean.

Cabo Verde has no natural resources but uses salt, limestone and pozzolana; a volcanic rock as its main source of money generators.

The IMF sources $2.46 billion as the amount of debt plaguing the African nation.

Togo

The West African nation was once known as the slave coast due to its high number of slaves being imported then exported to foreign lands.

Its major sectors of economic growth are the agriculture, brewery and textile markets.

IMF reports that Togo is in debt of $4.2 billion.

Eritrea

Eritrea is making great strides in its relations with its southern neighbor, Ethiopia.

Unfortunately, its economic sector is severely lacking. Agriculture is the main source of income however factors such as war and weather conditions have lowered income generation.

The IMF reports that Eritrea is in debt for $8.67 billion.

Republic of Congo

The Republic of Congo also dubbed Congo-Brazzaville lies in central Africa.

The Republic of Congo is the fourth largest producer of oil in the Gulf of Guinea; besides that forestry and minerals are sources of capital.

The IMF states that the country is in debt for $11.52 billion.

Zimbabwe

The landlocked country located in southern Africa is gaining funds from minerals, gold, agriculture, tourism and mining.

The IMF cites that the country owes $14.55 billion.

Mozambique

The South African nation is one of the poorest and underdeveloped countries in the world.

Although the agriculture, aluminium and petroleum production, chemical production, tourism and food and beverage sectors are fruitful, the country is $15.75 billion dollars in debt.

Tunisia

The North African country’s economy keeps afloat due to its success in energy production, mining, agriculture, tourism, oil and petroleum products.

Despite the money-making materials, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Tunisia owes $29.42 billion dollars.

São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe is an island nation located in the Gulf of Guinea.

The islands were uninhabited until the 15th century.

The economy is sustained due to cocoa production and agriculture.

São Tomé and Príncipe is in debt of $33.88 billion.

Sudan

Sudan stimulates its economy from the revenue earned from oil production.

Despite oil being a huge money-maker, Sudan has a hefty bill and is in debt of $73.36 billion.